The Exodus, Camp before Pihahiroth
between Migdol and the sea
(Exo 14:2 KJV)
Speak unto the children of Israel,that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.
(Num 33:7 KJV) And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol.
This stop is the critical one for placing the actual location of the
in Hebrew means to turn back
Wycliffe Bible Commentary
Turn back (
Exo 14:2 Speake to the
turn H7725. a prim. root; to turn back (hence, away) trans. or intrans., lit. or fig.
(not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point)
unto the children of
before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon:
before it shall ye encamp by the sea.
statement,provides a very specific
set of reference points.
BAAL-ZEPHON = Baal Tsphon or Baal-zephon =" lord of the north"
PIHAHIROTH = Pi-hahiroth =" place where sedge grows"
WD = sedge n. 1. any rushlike or grasslike plant of the genus Carex, growing in wet places.
MIGDOL = Migdol =" tower"
Holman Dictionary and Eaton’s Bible Dictionary
BAAL-ZEPHON = “lord of the north” “Baal of the north.” “Baal of winter”
PIHAHIROTH = “house of Hathor” “mouth of canals.” “Place where the Reeds grow”
lay in the eastern
MIGDOL = “tower, watchtower, fortress.”
A town or a border
fortress located in the northeast corner of
strongly-fortified place 12 miles from Pelusium, in the
“migdol” becomes a significant term. Not widely found in Egyptian texts in different periods (Hoffmeier 2004: 61; 2005:102–103; Scolnic 2004: 102–108), the few references that we do have point to a location in
would make it possible to fix thelocation
of the Migdol of the Exodus in a precise
area just to the northeast of
HOLMAN BIBLE DICTIONARY
MIGDOL (Mihg' dahl) Transliteration of
Hebrew word meaning, “tower, watchtower,
fortress.” A town or a border fortress located in
The site is mentioned in reference to two
events in biblical history—the Exodus and the Exile.
of the sites on or near the route of the
Exodus, Migdol was located near the sites of
and Baal-Zephron, all of which were near the
sea (Ex. 14:20).
fled to Migdol during the Exile (Jer. 44:1). The coming doom of
Egypt at the hand of Nebuchadnezzar was to be
proclaimed there (Jer. 46:13-14).
Ezekiel prophesied that the land of Egypt would be laid waste, “from Migdol to Aswan” (Ezek. 29:10; 30:6 NIV), that is from the northern extremity of the land, Migdol, to the southern extremity of the land, Aswan.
IVP Bible Background Commentary
Pi Hahiroth. = “mouth of the diggings,” possibly referring to canal work. It is known that a north-south canal was being constructed during this period (Seti I) and that it passed through the region near Qantara, a few miles west of Sile.
Migdol. Migdol means “tower” or “fort” There were several locations so designated, and one is known near Succoth in this period.
Baal Zephon is connected to Tahpanhes
in ; , in turn identified as
Tell Dafana, about
twenty miles west of Sile.
If they camped near here,
Wycliffe Bible Commentary
Baal-zephon . A
Phoenician letter mentions "Baal-zephon and
all the gods of Tahpanhes." Tahpanhes is
Daphne, the modern Tel Dafneh, located
near the southern extremity of
This explains the words "turn back." Instead of going directly east from Succoth, the Hebrews had turned north again and were now encamped by the marshy lake.