Day of Rest
SABBATH = The day of rest, God rested on the seventh day after creation and is a sign of the covenant relation between God and His people the Jews and is the eternal rest He has promised.
and made a commandment at the giving of the law
Exo 20:8 - 11 "Remember to observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days a week are set apart for your daily duties and regular work, but the seventh day is a day of rest dedicated to the LORD your God. On that day no one in your household may do any kind of work. This includes you, your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, your livestock, and any foreigners living among you. For in six days the LORD made the heavens, the earth, the sea, and everything in them; then he rested on the seventh day. That is why the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart as holy.
Gen 2:1,2 So the creation of the heavens and the earth and everything in them was completed. On the seventh day, having finished his task, God rested from all his work.
Exo 31:13 "Tell the people of Israel to keep my Sabbath day, for the Sabbath is a sign of the covenant between me and you forever. It helps you to remember that I am the LORD, who makes you holy.
The Sabbath was in force from Moses until the law was fulfilled by Jesus.
Luke 4:16 When Jesus came to the village of Nazareth, his boyhood home, he went as usual to the synagogue on the Sabbath and stood up to read the Scriptures.
We see the custom of Jesus was to observe Saturday the Sabbath as a day of worship in the Jew’s church, which is called a synagogue, but His failure to comply with the tradition’s and rules brought conflict.
Mat 12:1 - 13 Jesus was walking through some grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry, so they began breaking off heads of wheat and eating the grain. Some Pharisees saw them do it and protested, "Your disciples shouldn't be doing that! It's against the law to work by harvesting grain on the Sabbath." But Jesus said to them, "Haven't you ever read in the Scriptures what King David did when he and his companions were hungry? He went into the house of God, and they ate the special bread reserved for the priests alone. That was breaking the law, too. And haven't you ever read in the law of Moses that the priests on duty in the Temple may work on the Sabbath? I tell you, there is one here who is even greater than the Temple! But you would not have condemned those who aren't guilty if you knew the meaning of this Scripture: 'I want you to be merciful; I don't want your sacrifices.' For I, the Son of Man, am master even of the Sabbath."
Then he went over to the synagogue, where he noticed a man with a deformed hand. The Pharisees asked Jesus, "Is it legal to work by healing on the Sabbath day?" (They were, of course, hoping he would say yes, so they could bring charges against him.) And he answered, "If you had one sheep, and it fell into a well on the Sabbath, wouldn't you get to work and pull it out? Of course you would. And how much more valuable is a person than a sheep! Yes, it is right to do good on the Sabbath." Then he said to the man, "Reach out your hand." The man reached out his hand, and it became normal, just like the other one.
So we see that Human need has precedence over ritual law. Mercy, not legalism, is the heart of God
We are to do good and be merciful.
Luke 6:45 A good person produces good deeds from a good heart, and an evil person produces evil deeds from an evil heart. Whatever is in your heart determines what you say.
The Sabbath was never given to the Believers the body of Christ, the church but The Lord’s day was given to commemorates the resurrection of Jesus.
Mark 16:9a It was early on Sunday morning when Jesus rose from the dead ...
The Lord’s day began in the time of the apostles and will be observed until the Lord returns.
At first, Christians also met on the Sabbath with the Jews in the synagogues to worship Jesus.
Acts 20:7a On the first day of the week, we gathered to observe the Lord's Supper.
Rev 1:10a It was the Lord's Day, and I John was worshiping in the Spirit.
Acts 13:14 But Barnabas and Paul traveled inland to Antioch of Pisidia. On the Sabbath they went to the synagogue for the services.
The Sabbath and other matters of the law are viewed as a shadow of the reality of the redemption work of Christ on the cross.
(1) The Sabbath became a symbol of Salvation
(2) We enter in to rest from our works
(3) The kingdom of God setup on earth, the rest to come.
Col 2:14 - 17 God canceled the record that contained the charges against us. He took it and destroyed it by nailing it to Christ's cross. In this way, God disarmed the evil rulers and authorities. He shamed them publicly by his victory over them on the cross of Christ. So don't let anyone condemn you for what you eat or drink, or for not celebrating certain holy days or new-moon ceremonies or Sabbaths. For these rules were only shadows of the real thing, Christ himself.
Jesus fulfilled the Jewish regulations and celebrations, they were a pitcher of Jesus, pointing to him.
Like as Sunday and the Lord’s supper are looking back to Jesus death on the cross till he comes back.
Heb 4:4 We know it is ready because the Scriptures mention the seventh day, saying, "On the seventh day God rested from all his work."
Be careful, dear friends. For if we are faithful to the end, trusting God just as firmly as when we first believed, we will share in all that belongs to Christ. But never forget the warning: "Today you must listen to his voice. Don't harden your hearts against him as the ones Moses led out of Egypt did when they rebelled." God vowed that they would never enter his place of rest? He was speaking to those who disobeyed him. So we see that they were not allowed to enter his rest because of their unbelief.
The rebellious generation did not enter into the Promised Land because of a lack of faith.
We enter rest by faith in the gospel, giving up our works as the way to salvation. This salvation rest will be fully realized only in the resurrection life.
Because distrust kept Israel from obeying God, the people were unable to enter the Promised Land. They never knew rest from their wanderings in wilderness. And they died there.
How does this apply to us? Heb 4:1 - 3, 7 - 11 says
God's promise of entering his place of rest still stands, so we ought to tremble with fear that some of you might fail to get there. For this Good News--that God has prepared a place of rest--has been announced to us just as it was to them. But it did them no good because they didn't believe what God told them. For only we who believe can enter his place of rest. As for those who didn't believe, God said, "In my anger I made a vow: 'They will never enter my place of rest,'"
So God set another time for entering his place of rest, and that time is today. This new place of rest was not the land of Canaan, where Joshua led them. If it had been, God would not have spoken later about another day of rest. So there is a special rest still waiting for the people of God. For all who enter into God's rest will find rest from their labors, just as God rested after creating the world. Let us do our best to enter that place of rest. For anyone who disobeys God, as the people of Israel did, will fall.
Today is Salvation
Another day of rest is the Kingdom
Heb 12:25 - 28 See to it that you obey God, the one who is speaking to you. For if the people of Israel did not escape when they refused to listen to Moses, the earthly messenger, how terrible our danger if we reject the One who speaks to us from heaven! When God spoke from Mount Sinai his voice shook the earth, but now he makes another promise: "Once again I will shake not only the earth but the heavens also." This means that the things on earth will be shaken, so that only eternal things will be left. Since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be destroyed, let us be thankful and please God by worshiping him with holy fear and awe.
Heb 3:1 And so, dear friends who belong to God and are bound for heaven, think about this Jesus whom we declare to be God's Messenger and High Priest.
We are to come to Christ as obedient children and are to be thankful to him and pleasing him in worshiping him with holy fear.